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Guide

How to choose your sea fishing rod? 

Do you want to fish in the sea but you don’t know which rod to use?

There are many types of rods with different lengths, different wattages, and you may be wondering which choice to go for?

Do not panic ! We explain in this article how to choose your fishing rod for the sea.

The main characteristics of a fishing rod

The length

From 2 to 5 meters, the length has a direct influence on the casting and on the comfort of use.

The longer a fishing rod is, the more it can cast far but the less robust it will be.

The type of action

It’s all about the flexibility of your fishing rod

  • Peak action, stiffest
  • Semi-parabolic action, intermediate flexibility
  • Parabolic action, the most flexible

Peak action

Also called fast action, the rod bends only at its last third. The action, therefore the curve of the rod is located at the point, the rest of the body is rigid.

The tip action allows you to cast very far, the downside is that the rod is less resistant and will break more easily under heavy pressure.

Semi-parabolic action

Also called medium action, the rod is more flexible and bends at its middle level.

This is the intermediate and versatile action between stiffness of the tip action and flexibility of the parabolic action.

Parabolic action

Call also slow action, this is the most flexible action. The cane curves over its entire length.

This action allows excellent resistance when fighting with a fish.

The power

Expressed in grams or pounds, it is the resistance of the rod to the tension exerted by the fish as well as its ability to throw a weight.

As a reminder, a pound noted “lb” = 453 g

The choice of power will therefore depend on the type of fish sought.

So the heavier and stronger the targeted fish, the more powerful you will need.

But power also reflects the ability of a rod to throw a weight at a given distance:

  • Low power rod : weight from 5 to 20g
  • Intermediate power rod : weight from 20 to 50g
  • Powerful rod : weight from 50 to 200g

Usually the casting power of a rod will be combined with its type of action, with rods capable of casting high weight with peak action and low casting rods with parabolic action.

Conversely, rods with high resistance to pressure (over 15 lbs) will be associated with parabolic action.

The type of material

There are many types of materials. We will only focus on fiberglass and carbon fiber.

You should generally choose fiberglass (more resistant) for short rods and carbon fiber (more rigid) for long rods.

Choose your rod according to the type of sea fishing practiced

There is no ideal fishing rod that allows you to practice all types of sea fishing. Each fishing rod is intended for a particular practice.

It all depends on the type of fishing you want to practice as well as the target fish.

Surfcasting

This is seaside angling.

Rod for surfcasting:

  • Long of 4 meters and more in order to be able to cast far and to access more spots
  • Powerful, 100-200gr
  • Point action in order to have a precise casting and a good shoeing. The rod should be stiff enough not to bend over each wave
  • Also take a sturdy reel with 200 to 300 meters of line.

Fishing to support

It is practiced directly above a fixed post: an anchored boat, at the edge of a dike, a quay etc.

The taut line goes down to the bottom, and we wait for a touch.

The fish that can be caught are for example horse mackerel, conger, mackerel and rock fish and on the bottom of flatfish.

Rod for fishing to support:

  • Short, about 2.5 m
  • Average power
  • Semi-parabolic or single action (experienced anglers)
  • Resistant reel to be able to control fairly heavy fish

Cast fishing

Technique that is practiced from a jetty or a dike.

The fisherman projects a lure in the distance then brings it back using different techniques in order to catch hunting fish such as mackerel, sea bass or pollack.

Casting rod:

  • Medium to short size (no need to throw far)
  • Intermediate to high power
  • Semi-parabolic or single action (experienced anglers)

Trolling

Is practiced on a boat, the rod is hooked to the boat which advances at constant speed, thus dragging the lure or the bait. The fish targeted are generally heavy and robust (tuna, bonito, sea bass, mackerel, billfish, etc.)

Rod for trolling:

  • Very short
  • Very powerful, minimum 30 lbs or 15 kg (we are talking about resistance power)
  • Associate an extremely resistant wire also
  • Very flexible, parabolic action

Floating line fishing

Practiced in calm water, you have to leave your bait between two waters using a float, perfect for catching small fish such as smelt, or larger fish such as mullet.

Rod for floating line fishing:

  • Medium to long size
  • Average power
  • Single or semi-parabolic action

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